Marc Vermeersch is the author of two Dutch books on hunters and gatherers.In both books a number of observations are made and hypotheses are formulated.
Observation. Violence has been always inherent to human society.
Hypothesis. Man must – to reproduce himself – also reproduce himself ideologically (ideology defined as the whole of his ideas).
Hypothesis. Religion is a component of human ideology and in origin also a component of the (re)production of human society. The ancestor cult was the oldest of all religions. It gave birth to the first supernatural concept: the soul. The soul was probably in its origin a term that can be understood as `life’. From the soul concepts as ghosts and gods were developed. The situation that human groups lived in enmity with some clans was also reflected in supernatural concepts: angry souls, angry spirits, angry god (the devil). Souls, ghosts or gods, positive or negative, can all be reduced to one basic one supernatural concept. Hypothesis. Dominance of males was in the first place based on male alliances, in the second place on violence.
Hypothesis. The origin of art is a byproduct of the properties which humanity had developed to reproduce itself. As a consequence man has three large interest points that have always occurred in art: people (biological reproduction but also more widely), animals (food) and a great ability to recognize forms, colours, light, patterns etc. the base of which is to be found in the capacity of hunters and gatherers to find and recognize edible plants and fruit.
If you would like to contact the author, you van mail him: Marc.Vermeersch@gmail.com